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Developer: Elbit Systems Ltd. (Israel), TAM-TBILISI AIRCRAFT MANUFACTURING  (Georgia)

SU-25KM (commercial model, modernized) has been produced by the Plant since 2001. The first aircraft took off on April 14, 2001. Total 6 aircrafts have been modernized.

SU-25KM is included in the military-air force armament of Georgia and Turkmenistan.

Modernization purposes

The modernization of SU-25KM aims at improving the military capabilities and widening the area of application of the aircraft, as well as reducing its performance expenses.

·         Reaching conformity with NATO systems

·         Reaching conformity with ICAO systems

·         Exploitation of the aircraft at night and in unfavorable meteorological conditions

·         Increasing the accuracy of application of the aviation annihilation systems (aerial bombs, unguided jet missiles) by approximately 2,5-3 times

·         Boosting the efficiency of the aircraft application in air battles by approximately 2,5-3 times

·         Improving flight safety at the expense of algorithms and verbal warnings

·         Increasing the time of location above the target by 20% at the expense of the flight track optimization

·         Ensuring training and education abilities by using Western concepts (using video records instead of photo an film-control apparatus)

·         Ensuring the exploitation of a wider range of aviation facilities

·         Increasing the reliability of the systems

·         Reducing the load on the pilot by reducing the number of switches and instruments in the cockpit and by means of color displays and digital cards

·         Reducing costs of performance by using Western technologies

·         Reducing the time needed for preparation of the aircraft for flight.


Briefly about avionics

Aircraft SU-25KM is equipped with modern aviation radioelectronics, with the technology “glass cockpit”, modernized navigation system and armament control system.

The complex of avionics fully operates on a modular multi-role computer MMRC (Modular Multi-Role Computer) produced by Elbit Systems Ltd., which is connected up with two bars of data exchange, type 1553B.

The cockpit has been thoroughly modernized. Most of analog devices have been replaced by two multifunctional 6' x 8'–size color displays MFCD (multifunction color displays). There has been a system HOTAS (Hands-On-Throttle-And-Stick) enabling a pilot to perform multiple operations without removing his hands off the control levers of the engines and aircraft installed. A display system on the windshield has been replaced by a new system with the control panel HUD (Head Up Display).

The complex includes a new navigation system, which works both in GPS and inertia modes. The radio equipment of the aircraft control also includes the landing system VOR/ILS. The navigation information is expressed on the color display as a moving map. There are two new frequencies – UHF and VHF installed providing the communication without any danger of unauthorized intervention.

The aircraft is also equipped with a state identification friend or foe (IFF) meeting the NATO standards.

Modernization of a fighter Su-25Km is carried out together with capital repairs resulting in the increased resource and life cycle of the aircraft

Tactical-technical characteristics


1 man

Geometric characteristics


Aircraft dimensions:


- Length, m


- Roll, m


- Height, m


Net wing area, m2


Weight specifications


Weight of an empty aircraft, kg


Takeoff weight:


- Normal, kg


- Maximum, kg


Landing weight:


- Normal, kg


- Maximum, kg


Maximum military load, kg


Supply of the fuel produced in internal tanks, l


Capacity of additional fuel tanks ПТБ-800 (4 pcs.), l

820 each

Capacity of additional fuel tanks ПТБ-1150 (2 pcs.), l

1160 each

Power plant


Type and number of engines

2 ТРД  Р-195

Emergency traction force, kg.force

2 х 4500

Flight-technical specifications


Practical roofing, m


Maximum speed:


- At the ground, km/h


- At height, km/h


Practical range ability:


- At the ground, km/h


- At height, km/h


- From  4хПТБ-800, km


Takeoff roll:


- With normal takeoff mass, m


- With maximum takeoff mass, m


Landing roll:


- With normal landing mass, m


- With maximum landing mass, m


Maximum working load




Gun armament:


- Add-in (integrated) gun device

ВПУ-17А, double-tube with 30-mm gun ГШ-30, supply of 250 bullets

- Demountable gun device (4 pcs.)

СППУ-22-01, double-tube with 30-mm gun ГШ-30, supply of 260 bullets each

Missiles  armament:


- Air-to-air guided missiles

Р-60 (Р-60М), Р-73, Python-5.

- Air-to-ground (air-to-surface) guided missiles

Х-25МЛ, С-25Л, Х-29Л

- Unguided shells

С-5, С-8, С-13, С-24, С-25

Bomber armament:


- Aerial bombs

100, 250, 500

- Incendiary tanks


- Containers for small freights


- Single-mission bomb cartridges

РБК-250, РБК-500

Number of suspension centers